Awareness

Childhood Cancer

Cancer is the leading cause of death by disease among children. Statistics on the “Childhood Cancer 2012” website show that more than 175,000 children develop cancer every year globally and that around 96,000 of these children do not survive.The cause of most childhood cancers is unknown. Some can be related to inherited genetic conditions or harmful environmental exposure.

Early detection could save lives. Early symptoms are usually nonspecific, so parents should ensure that children have regular medical checkups. Also they should not disregard any unusual symptoms a child might have. Early symptoms could be unusual swelling; unexplained paleness; prolonged fewer or illness; frequent headaches; vomiting; rapid weight loss; or sudden vision changes.Childhood cancer has been an issue and unfortunately, researches have not found the solution to its roots or the key cure against it.

When children are diagnosed with cancer it is not only them who suffer the consequences; families suffer mentally, spiritually, and needless to say, financially as well. Treatments cost a lot of money and the expenses to keep appropriate, healthy environment around the children and purchase vitamins and healthy food also cost more money than an average living.
Treatments are a combination of therapies such as surgery; radiation or chemotherapy. They are chosen based on the type and stage of the cancer. Medical experts, pediatric oncologists, nurses coordinate treatments, while psychologists, social workers and family members are also there to pay attention to mental and spiritual changes of each child.

The survival rate depends on many factors such as demography, culture, or quality of treatment.In developing countries childhood cancers do not get a lot of attention because of the burden of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other infectious diseases cancer treatment is often regarded as unaffordable. Not to mention that children are might not diagnosed properly or on time.Unfortunately, the incidence of childhood cancer is high in developed countries; however, due to higher quality treatment the survival rate is improving.

According to the statistics of National Cancer Institute, on average, one to two children is diagnosed with cancer each year for every 10,000 children in the United States. As for Europe, Western European statistics are close to those in the U.S. however, the same is worse in Eastern European countries.As a matter of fact, the survival rate in Hungary is 65%. Also Hungary has the highest mortality rates among developed countries. There are 320 children are diagnosed each year. (Hungarian Statistics)

References

American Cancer Society.Global Cancer Facts & Figures 2nd Edition. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; 2011.

About Childhood Cancer.Childhood Cancer 2012.Web. 2012.
http://www.childhoodcancer2012.org.uk/childhoodcancer.asp